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River Thames


Beyond the Blue: Exploring London's Lifeline - River Thames

The History of River Thames


For over 2000 years, River Thames has played a significant role in shaping the history of London. From being a source of drinking water for the Romans to serving as a commercial hub during the Middle Ages to becoming a popular tourist attraction in modern times, this river has seen it all.

But more than its historical significance, River Thames is also renowned for its beauty and character, providing locals and visitors alike with a picturesque sight that can only be found in London.


The origin of River Thames can be traced back to Gloucestershire, where it begins its journey as a small stream.

The river stretches over 215 miles and flows through several towns and cities before emptying into the North Sea. Its importance goes beyond just being a water source; it was also used as an important trade route for merchants travelling to London from other parts of England.

The Importance of River Thames to London

River Thames has been referred to as the lifeline of London since ancient times because it provides numerous benefits that are essential for daily life in the city. It is no exaggeration when people say that without this river, there would be no London. Firstly, it serves as an important transportation route for both goods and people.

Many businesses rely on freight barges that transport cargo along the river from inland regions into central London. Additionally, commuters use boats and ferries on a daily basis to avoid traffic congestion on roads.

Secondly, River Thames plays an important role in regulating temperature within the city by acting as an air conditioner during hot weather conditions. During summer months when temperatures soar high in central London, residents living close to the riverbanks experience cooler temperatures because of its cooling effect.

Besides practical uses such as provision of drinking water and waste management, River Thames is also a popular recreational spot for tourists and locals alike. From a leisurely boat ride to a riverside picnic or just admiring the picturesque views while strolling along the South Bank, there are endless possibilities.

London Thames Map.JPG

The Mighty River Thames: An Overview


The River Thames is one of the most famous rivers in the world. It is the second longest river in the United Kingdom, stretching for over 215 miles from its source to its mouth.

The Thames flows through several counties, including Gloucestershire, Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Surrey and London before finally reaching the North Sea. The river's catchment area covers approximately 13,000 square kilometers.

Length and Size of the River


The length and size of the River Thames are quite impressive. As mentioned earlier, it is over 215 miles long which makes it one of the longest rivers in Europe. The river's width varies along its course but averages around 200 meters in central London.

At its widest point near Oxfordshire, it can reach up to 350 meters wide. In terms of depth, the River Thames has an average depth of around five meters although it varies from shallow areas to deep pools and trenches that can reach up to 30 meters deep.

Source and Mouth of the River


The source of the River Thames is located near Kemble in Gloucestershire where several small streams converge to form a tiny trickle that eventually feeds into a man-made reservoir called Thames Head.


From here onwards, it flows eastwards towards London before reaching its final destination at Southend-on-Sea where it empties into the North Sea.


Tributaries that Flow into the River


The River Thames has many tributaries that flow into it along its journey. Some of these tributaries are quite small while others are sizable rivers themselves such as The Kennet and Avon Canal which joins with The River Thames at Reading. Other significant tributaries include The River Wye, The River Ock, The River Loddon and The River Cherwell.

Each of these tributaries has its own unique character and history. Some are known for their beautiful scenery, wildlife and outdoor activities such as fishing and boating while others have played significant roles in the industrialization of their surrounding areas.

Overall, the River Thames is a fascinating river with a rich history and unique character that continues to attract visitors from all over the world. From its humble beginnings as a tiny stream in Gloucestershire to its final destination at Southend-on-Sea, the river has played an essential role in shaping Britain's cultural, economic and social landscape.

The Bridges over the River Thames


The River Thames is known for its iconic bridges that are not only vital for transportation but also add to the beauty of London. The bridges over River Thames connect the different parts of the city and are a significant part of the city's history. Each bridge has its own unique story, architectural design, and cultural significance.

Tower Bridge


The Tower Bridge is one of London's most famous landmarks and an iconic symbol of Britain. Built-in 1894, it was designed by Sir Horace Jones and is a combination of both suspension and bascule bridge.

The tower bridge spans across River Thames between Tower Hamlets on the north bank and Southwark on the south bank. Visitors can take a tour inside the bridge to learn more about its history or enjoy beautiful views from its high-level walkway.

London Bridge


The London Bridge has been rebuilt several times throughout history, with the current one being built-in 1973. It connects City of London on the north bank to Southwark on the south bank, making it an important commercial crossing point across River Thames.


It is often confused with Tower Bridge due to similar names but has a simpler design compared to its more elaborate counterpart.


Westminster Bridge

Westminster Bridge connects Westminster Abbey to South Bank, offering spectacular views of Big Ben, Houses of Parliament, and other landmarks in central London. Built in 1862 by Charles Barry, it was initially painted green until it was repainted grey in 1970s during redevelopment works.

The many bridges over River Thames add both functionality and beauty to London's landscape. Tourists can choose from various ways to appreciate these wonders - walking along them or taking boat tours that pass under them while enjoying stunning views from up close!

Landmarks along River Thames


The London Eye: A Modern Marvel


The London Eye is a gigantic Ferris wheel that towers over the south bank of River Thames. It was opened in 2000 and has since become one of the most popular tourist attractions in London, offering stunning views of the city skyline.

It stands at 135 meters tall and has 32 capsules that can hold up to 25 people each. The Eye rotates slowly, giving visitors a chance to take in panoramic views of the city from all angles.


The Houses of Parliament: A Political Icon

The Houses of Parliament, also known as the Palace of Westminster, is an iconic building overlooking River Thames which houses the UK's House of Commons and House of Lords.


This historic building dates back to the 11th century and has been rebuilt several times over the centuries.

Its striking Gothic architecture makes it a standout landmark on the riverbank. Visitors can take tours of the Houses of Parliament and learn about its rich history.

St Paul’s Cathedral: A Religious Marvel


St Paul's Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral located on Ludgate Hill overlooking River Thames. Designed by Sir Christopher Wren, it was completed in 1710 after being destroyed in a fire in 1666.

The cathedral is known for its impressive dome, which dominates London's skyline, as well as its beautiful interiors and ornate mosaics and carvings. Visitors can climb to the top of the dome for spectacular views across London.

The Tower Of London: An Iconic Fortress


The Tower Of London is a historic castle located on River Thames' north bank that has played many roles over its long history – from royal palace to prison and place for torture executions.


It was built by William I after his conquests in Britain nearly a thousand years ago. Now a World Heritage site, the tower is home to the Crown Jewels and is surrounded by a moat that once housed crocodiles.

Visitors can explore the castle's various buildings and learn about its fascinating history. These landmarks along River Thames are some of London’s most famous and beloved attractions.

From modern marvels like the London Eye to historic icons like the Houses of Parliament, each landmark tells a unique story about London's past and present.


Whether you're a first-time visitor or a long-time resident, exploring these landmarks along River Thames is an unforgettable experience that everyone should try!

Wildlife in and around River Thames


Fish species found in the river


The River Thames is home to a diverse range of fish species, making it a popular destination for anglers. Some of the most commonly caught species include pike, perch, chub, roach, and bream. The river also has some larger fish species such as carp and catfish that can be caught by experienced anglers.

However, it's important to note that the quality of fish in the river has been affected by pollution in recent years. In 1957, toxic waste was dumped into the river causing a major fish kill.

Since then there have been efforts to clean up the river but pollutants still remain. As a result, it's recommended that you practice catch-and-release fishing to help preserve the health of the ecosystem.

Birds that can be spotted along the riverbanks


Aside from its diverse range of fish species, River Thames is also a haven for birdwatchers due to its proximity to many bird habitats. Commonly spotted birds include swans, ducks and geese which are often seen swimming near bridges or nesting on islands within the river.

In addition, there are also several rare bird species that can be spotted along the banks of River Thames such as kingfishers and herons. The kingfisher is one of Britain's most colorful birds known for their iridescent blue-green feathers while herons are tall wading birds with elegant long necks often seen standing still fishing along shallow waters.

The best time to spot these birds is during spring when they come out to breed or during winter when they flock together in search for food along shorelines. Wildlife enthusiasts will be more than satisfied by what River Thames has to offer both above and below its waters as it supports an ecosystem full of unique flora & fauna.

Activities on River Thames


Boat Tours: A Unique Way to Experience River Thames


One of the best ways to experience the beauty of River Thames is by taking a boat tour. Tour boats offer different packages that cater to various interests and budgets.

From short sightseeing trips to full-day excursions, boat tours give you a unique perspective of London's iconic landmarks along the riverbanks. Some popular boat tour companies include City Cruises, Thames Clippers, and London Duck Tours.

You'll have an opportunity to learn about the history of the river and its landmarks from knowledgeable guides. Some tours even offer food and drinks on board.

Kayaking and Paddleboarding: Get Active on River Thames


For those seeking adventure, kayaking and paddleboarding on River Thames could be just what you're looking for. Many companies offer rental services along with guided tours for all skill levels. Kayaking or paddleboarding allows you to get up close with nature while enjoying stunning views of London's skyline.

It's also a great way to stay active while exploring the city. Many tour companies will take you through lesser-known areas of River Thames that are not accessible by larger boats.

Fishing: A Relaxing Way to Enjoy River Thames


If you prefer a more relaxed activity, fishing on River Thames might be perfect for you. The river is home to many fish species such as salmon, trout, eel, perch, and pike among others. Many designated fishing spots can be found along the riverbanks, but it's important to obtain proper permits before casting a line in any area.

Fishing gear can be rented from various shops in London if needed. Whether it's through leisurely boat tours or adventurous kayaking trips or peaceful fishing expeditions; there is something for everyone who wants to explore and enjoy this beautiful river.

Pollution in River Thames


Causes and Effects of Pollution in the River


One of the major causes of pollution in River Thames is sewage overflow. During heavy rainfall, the sewers can become overwhelmed and discharge untreated sewage directly into the river. This can cause a range of health risks for people using the river, as well as harm to aquatic life.

Chemical pollutants such as pesticides, fertilizers, and industrial waste also contribute to pollution in the river. These pollutants can contaminate fish and other wildlife that depend on the river for their survival.

The effects of pollution in River Thames are far-reaching and varied. High levels of bacteria have been found in parts of the river near sewage outfalls, which makes it unsafe for swimming or other water activities.

The presence of these bacteria also affects fish populations, which can lead to declining fisheries. Chemical pollutants can cause slow poisoning or death to fish or any organisms that come into contact with them.

Efforts to Clean Up the River


In recent years, there has been a significant effort to clean up River Thames from its polluted state. One major initiative is called Tideway Tunnel project aimed at building a 25-kilometer-long tunnel beneath London that will capture untreated sewage and transport it away from the river before being treated adequately.


Other efforts aimed at cleaning up River Thames include reducing plastic waste by banning single-use plastics such as straws and bottles along with litter picking campaigns along its banks.

Water treatment plants are also being built along its length in order to help purify water so that it could be used again without harming local ecosystems - this would mean more blue spaces within London where people could swim or participate in other water activities safely.


Overall, these different efforts towards cleaning up River Thames provide hope for a brighter future where we can enjoy cleaner waters while protecting wildlife habitats that rely on it.


Conclusion: Discovering the Glory of River Thames


River Thames is a treasure trove of history and beauty that London has been blessed with. The river has been an integral part of the city since the Iron Age, and to this day, it continues to play an essential role in London's identity.


With its numerous landmarks, bridges, wildlife, and activities, River Thames is one of the most popular tourist destinations in London.

Throughout this article, we've delved deep into various aspects of River Thames. We've covered its vast length and size and learned about its source and mouth.

We've explored the different tributaries that flow into the river and delved into its vibrant history through its famous bridges such as Tower Bridge and London Bridge. We also discovered some fascinating facts about landmarks along River Thames like The London Eye, The Houses of Parliament, St Paul's Cathedral, and The Tower of London.

From fish species to bird sightings along the riverbanks we covered all there is to know about wildlife surrounding it. Furthermore, we also discussed activities like boat tours or fishing that anyone can enjoy on River Thames at any time.


All in all, exploring River Thames is an experience not to be missed while visiting London!